Herman Melville – Moby Dick Audiobooktext
Herman Melville immediately took a daring step: to write a sort of romantic monograph on the whale and the hunt that was done to it in the middle of the 19th century.
Doubly risky choice on the one hand because at the time knowledge of cetaceans was not amazing and on the other hand, because the subject of whaling was neither very unifying nor very exciting, a priori. Like what, the author shows that we can make a real masterpiece with anything, that there is no bad subject or small entryways to make a great novel, that ‘all it takes is great talent, and that Melville has to spare. Herman Melville – Moby Dick Audiobook.
He approaches, through the prism of the whale, the entire universe, where I have noticed, jumbled up: the economy, consumerism, ecology, racial relations between men, the social system of ‘a microcosm, human values, passions, myths and religions, history, philosophy, technical development, athletic competition, legislation, solidarity, madness, in short, the world, in the image of its endless oceans where our august marine mammals move.
What a strange activity all the same when you think about it; it is a fishing boat, but the truth is, we hunt there. What are we hunting there? the largest carnivorous predator in the world, the great sperm whale with terrible jaws. How do we hunt him? With the knife (knowing that at the time, the hunters already used the rifle for practically all the other types of hunting). Where do we hunt him? On the whole Earth and its vast ocean, one might as well say a drop of water in a swimming pool. In which zone? In the thin and improbable zone of contact between this giant of the watery depths and this cautious tiny air primate. Admit that there is enough to stop on such a singular activity.
We therefore follow the brave Ishmaël, breaking with the urban world of New York, who embarks at the same time to forget, to feel alive, to give meaning to his life, and also to make small adrenaline rushes in passing. . A kind of Kerouac before the hour in a way.
Our acting seaman meets in Nantucket – the great whaling port of the east coast – a head-chopping harpooner, Queequeg, who will become an unwavering friend. The two fellows embark on the Pequod, a whaler of acceptable reputation, at the head of which officiates an obscure captain who sows the cold in the back, with his fierce gaze and his wooden leg, or, more precisely, with his leg. of ivory cut from the jaw of a sperm whale.
We quickly discover that this crazy old captain does not care that guys, even a whole crew risk his skin, as long as he, Ahab, can take vengeance on the one who cut his calves, namely, Mr. Moby Dick in no one, a surprisingly white sperm whale, endowed with a rather vicious character (from a human point of view) for who tries to stick a harpoon into his carcass.
You have understood that Melville makes this novel much more than a basic adventure novel, that from start to finish, it gives it a biblical sound and that Ahab’s name is not chosen at random and that he obviously refers to the Old Testament Book of Kings where Ahab, a king of Israel, believed he had nothing until he could also get his hands on Naboth’s vineyard. The same can be said of many of the names used in the novel, which almost all refer to passages from the Bible.
The character of Captain Ahab is therefore particularly interesting, with his mania that turns to madness to want at all costs the last piece of the ocean that resists him, his science and his taciturn character which make him comparable toCaptain Nemo. Jules Verne’s, but I feel that it is high time not to tell you more if I do not want to further deflower the knot of the plot for those and those who would still have the happiness of not knowing the substance of this immense monument of world literature, the father of a whole current of American literature, from Vieil Homme Et La Mer to the famous Sur La Route.
What doesHerman Melville seek to tell us with the essence of this book? We could risk thousands of interpretations because, in this work, everything is a parable, everything is a symbol, everything is to be interpreted. According to our own cultural juice, we will read resolutely different things. I will therefore limit myself to delivering only two, more relevant than ever. Herman Melville – Moby Dick Audiobook.
The first interpretation is that of the man who tries to master, to control, to curb nature, the fantastic and overpowering nature which, when he feels too strong, too sure of himself, reminds him that he cannot is that a man, a tiny little man, and that She is great, that She is eternal while he is paltry, horribly mortal and laughable fragile.
The giant sperm whale reminded Captain Ahab and the world reminds us periodically, with a tsunami, a drought, an earthquake, a landslide, what do I know, a crashing plane sea, so small, so frail in this ocean that we can’t even find the slightest crumb …
The second interpretation, if we remember thatHerman Melville relied on real elements: Captain Ahab is inspired by whaling captain Edmund Gardner, Moby Dick de Mocha Dick, named after Mocha Island off the coast of Chile and that the author’s monographic information largely comes from the work of an English enthusiast in 1831, Thomas Bill.
In short, at that time, the Atlantic was already largely scoured and there were very few sperm whales left to hunt there. The Americans, including Gardner, ventured around Cape Horn to make a quarry in the Pacific. The local populations, in particular Chileans, have dedicated a sort of cult to Mocha Dick, a species of great demiurge who fought against the invasive pressure of the American whalers. So, overfishing and the struggle of the countries of the south against the countries of the north, does that remind you of anything?
But all this, of course, is only my very small planktonic opinion which evolves awkwardly in the middle of the ocean of those who said it and thought it better than me, in other words, a krill larva, almost nothing.